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国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金获得者

方向文

发布时间:2022-03-01 浏览次数:540 字体大小T|T

方向文,教授,博士生导师

联系方式

电子邮件: fangxw@lzu.edu.cn

学习经历

2006 兰州大学生命科学学院 博士
2003 甘肃农业大学林学院 硕士
2000 甘肃农业大学林学院 学士

工作经历

2020.02-2020.04 澳大利亚塔斯马尼亚大学 访问研究
2019.04-2020.01 美国加州州立大学洛杉矶分校 访问研究
2012.05-至今 兰州大学生命科学学院 教授
2011.01-2012.01 美国杜克大学 访问研究
2009.05-2012.05 兰州大学生命科学学院 副教授
2008.04-2009.04 澳大利亚西澳大学 博士后
2006.12-2009.05 兰州大学生命科学学院 讲师

社会工作

生态学与环境科学系系主任

研究方向

1.植物水分利用效率提升进化形成过程。沿进化时序,证实了石松类、蕨类植物未进化出,而裸子和木本被子植物进化出脱落酸诱导气孔关闭的通路及功能(Gong et al. 2021, Plant Physiology;等),并形成了减少失水、提高水分利用效率的适应性机制,助力树木演变成为森林植被中的“霸主”(Yang et al. 2021, New Phytologist;等);研究结果发展了树木干旱适应性形成的理论体系。
2.植物适应干旱生境的水力机制。提出了树木通过提升叶水导有效性和安全性,来适应干旱生境的水力新机制 (Yao et al. 2021, New Phytologist;等);揭示了树木演化出等水和变水水分利用策略,以分别适应新疆北部和内蒙古中部不同降水特征的新模式(Yao et al. 2021, Plant, Cell and Environment;等);发展了树木干旱适应性提升的理论体系。
3.植物适应旱后复水的气孔开放机制。首次发现旱后复水条件下,树木通过乙烯调控气孔开放的新机制,并提出了其普适性(Yao et al. 2021, Plant, Cell and Environment;等),研究结果以封面文章发表,被认为是该领域的重要新发现和理论创新。
4.发展集水农业思想,促进干旱区植被恢复。根据柠条锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿种子萌发特性,结合集水农业思想, 提出“鱼鳞坑+雨后种子造林、鱼鳞坑+地膜+雨后种子造林”的方式,促进了黄土高原植被恢复。

项目成果

主持项目10项(其中国家自然科学基金6项),参加第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究等项目3项。部分项目:
国家自然科学基金面上项目,31971406,不同进化类型的维管束植物防御病原细菌入侵的气孔关闭调控基础、气孔关闭行为及早期防御能力,2020/01-2023/12,主持。
国家自然科学基金面上项目,31760404,被子植物适应内蒙古和新疆北部降水分配模式的气孔调控类型、气孔行为及水分利用策略,2017/01-2020/12,主持。
国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金,31422011,树木生理生态学,2015/01-2017/12,主持。
国家自然科学基金面上项目,31370423,锦鸡儿属植物地理替代分布种水分传导有效性和安全性的分化与权衡,2014/01-2017/12,主持。
国家自然科学基金面上项目,31070354,锦鸡儿属植物地理替代分布种根信号行为分化,2011/01-2013/12,主持。
国家自然科学基金青年基金项目,30800124,地上组织破坏后柠条锦鸡儿补偿生长的生理生态机制,2009/01-2011/12,主持。
教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”项目,NCET-11-0207,锦鸡儿属植物气孔行为和水力结构特征沿降水梯度的分化,2012/01-2014/12,主持。
科技部,2019QZKK0301,第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究-森林和灌丛生态系统与资源管理,2019/01-2023/12,参加。

荣誉、获奖

兰州大学萃英学者(三级)(2020年)
甘肃省飞天学者特聘教授(2016)
国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金支持(2014)
甘肃省高校科技进步一等奖(2014)
教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(2011)
澳大利亚政府奋进奖学金(2008)

教学及指导研究生情况

讲授研究生《植物生理生态学专题》和《生态学前沿进展》,本科生《生物统计学》和《生命科学前沿讲座》等课程; 目前指导博士后2名,博士研究生10名、硕士研究生9名。

发表论文及专著

Publications (* Corresponding author):
Nie ZF, Liao ZQ, Yao GQ, Tian XQ, Bi MH, Silva JAT, Gao TP, Fang XW*. 2021. Divergent stem hydraulic strategies of Caragana korshinskii resprouts following a disturbance. Tree Physiology, in press.
Yang YJ, Bi MH, Nie ZF, Jiang H, Liu XD, Fang XW*, Brodribb TJ. 2021. Evolution of stomatal closure to optimize water use efficiency in response to dehydration in ferns and seed plants. New Phytologist 230: 2001?2010.
Gong L#, Liu XD#, Zeng YY, Tian XQ, Li YL, Turner NC, Fang XW*. 2021. Stomatal morphology and physiology explain varied sensitivity to abscisic acid across vascular plant lineages. Plant Physiology doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiab090.
Yao GQ, Li FP, Nie ZF, Bi MH, Jiang H, Liu XD, Wei Y, Fang XW*. 2021. Ethylene, not ABA, is closely linked to the recovery of gas exchange after drought in four Caragana species. Plant, Cell and Environment 44: 399-411.
Yao GQ, Nie ZF, Turner NC, Li FM, Gao TP, Fang XW*, Scoffoni C. 2021. Combined high leaf hydraulic safety and efficiency provides drought tolerance in Caragana species adapted to low mean annual precipitation. New Phytologist 229: 230-244.
Yao GQ, Nie ZF, Zeng YY, Waseem M, Hasan MM, Tian XQ, Liao ZQ, Siddique KHM, Fang XW*. 2021. A clear trade-off between leaf hydraulic efficiency and safety in an aridland shrub during regrowth. Plant, Cell and Environment, in press.
Hasan MM, Rahman MA , Skalicky M, Alabdallah NM, Waseem M, Jahan MS, Ahammed GJ, El-Mogy MM, El-Yazied AA , Ibrahim MFM, Fang XW*. 2021. Ozone Induced Stomatal Regulations, MAPK and Phytohormone Signaling in Plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, 6304.
Waseem M, Nie ZF, Yao GQ, Hasan MM, Xiang Y, Fang XW*. 2021. Dew absorption by leaf trichomes in Caragana korshinskii: An alternative water acquisition strategy for withstanding drought in arid environments. Physiologia Plantarum
https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.13334.
Hasan MM, Gong L, Nie ZF, Feng-Ping Li, Ahammed GJ, Fang XW*. 2021. ABA-induced stomatal movements in vascular plants during dehydration and rehydration. Environmental and Experimental Botany 186: 104436.
Hasan MM#, Skalicky M, Jahan MS, Hossain MN, Anwar Z, Nie ZF, Nadiyah M Alabdallah NM, Brestic M, Hejnak V, Fang XW*. 2021. Spermine: Its emerging role in regulating drought stress responses in plants. Cells 10: 261.
Gao TP, Wan ZD, Liu XX, Fu JW, Chang GH, Sun HL, Li HJ, Shen YY, Liu YB, Fang XW. 2021. Effects of heavy metals on bacterial community structure in the rhizosphere of Salsola collina and bulk soil in the Jinchuan mining area. Geomicrobiology Journal
https://doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2021.1914784.
Hasan MM, Ali MA, Soliman MH, Alqarawi AA, Abd_Allah EF, Fang XW*. 2020. Insights into 28-homobrassinolide (HBR)-mediated redox homeostasis, AsA?GSH cycle, and methylglyoxal detoxification in soybean under drought-induced oxidative stress. Journal of Plant Interaction 15: 371?385.
Hasan MM #,*, Alharby HF, Uddin MN, Ali MA, Anwar Y, Fang XW*, Hakeem KR, Alzahrani Y, Hajar AS. 2020. Magnetized water confers drought stress tolerance in Moringa biotype via modulation of growth, gas exchange, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 29: 1-12.
Xu D, Gao T, Fang XW, Bu H, Li Q, Wang X, Zhang R. 2020. Silicon addition improves plant productivity and soil nutrient availability without changing the grass: legume ratio response to N fertilization. Scientific Reports 10:10295.
Fang XW*, Zhang JJ, Xu DH, ZHang CH, Pang J, Gao TP, Li FM, Turner NC. 2017. Seed germination of Caragana species from different regions is strongly driven by environment cues and not phylogenetic signals. Scientific Reports 17: 11248.
Xu DH*, Wang W, Gao T, Fang XW, Gao X, Li J, Bu H, Mu J. 2017. Calcium alleviates decreases in photosynthesis under salt stress by enhancing antioxidant metabolism and adjusting solute accumulation in Calligonum mongolicum. Conservation Physiology 5: cox060; doi:10.1093/conphys/cox060.
Jin He, Yan-Lei Du, Tao Wang, Neil C. Turner, Fang XW, Li FM*. 2016. Conserved water use improves the yield performance of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) under drought.Agricultural Water Management 179: 236-245.
Gao TP*, Guo R, Fang XW, Zhao ZG,Chang GH, Chen YQ, Qing Zhang. 2016. Effects on antioxidant enzyme activities and osmolytes in Halocnemum strobilaceum under salt stress. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions 8: 65?71.
Xu DH*, Fang XW, Zhang RY, Gao TP, Bu HY, Du GZ. 2015. Influences of nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon addition on plant productivity and species richness in an alpine meadow. AOB PLANTS DOI:10.1093/aobpla/plv125.
Xu DH*, Li HL, Fang XW, Li JH, Bu HY, Zhang WP, Wang JJ, Si XL. 2015. Responses of Plant Community Composition and Eco-Physiological Characteristics of Dominant Species to Different Soil Hydrologic Regimes in Alpine Marsh Wetlands on Qinghai?Tibetan Plateau, China. Wetlands 35: 381-390.
Fang XW*, Turner NC, PaltaJ A, Yu MX, Gao TP, Li FM. 2014. The distribution of four Caragana species is related to their differential responses to drought stress. Plant Ecology 215: 133-142.
Fang XW, Turner NC, Xu DH, Jin Y, He J, Li FM*. 2013. Limits to the height growth of Caragana korshinskii resprouts. Tree Physiology 33: 275-284.
Xu DH*, Fang XW, Bin ZJ, Wang G, Su PX. 2012. Eco-physiological mechanisms of Caragana korshinskii Kom.adaptation to extreme drought stress: Leaf abscission and maintaining stem chloroplast integrity. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions 4: 498-504.
Xu DH,Fang XW, Su PX; Wang G. 2012. Ecophysiological responses of Caragana korshinskii Kom. under extreme drought stress: leaf abscission and stem survives. Photosynthetica 50: 541-548.
Fang XW*, Turner NC,Li FM, Li WJ, Guo XS. 2011. Photosynthetic activity of Caragana korshinskii seedlings maintain positive photosynthesis during short-term, severe drought stress. Photosynthetica 49:603-609.
Fang XW*, Turner NC, Li FM, Siddique KHM. 2011. An early transient water deficit reduces flower number and pod production but increases seed size in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Crop and Pasture Science 62:481-487.
Fang XW*, Turner NC, Yan GJ, Li FM, Siddique KHM. 2010. Flower numbers, pod production, pollen viability, and pistil function are reduced and flower and pod abortion increased in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under terminal drought. Journal of Experimental Botany 61: 335?345.
Shang ZH*, Guo XS, Fang XW, Long RJ. 2009. Spectroscopy Technique and Ruminant Methane Emissions Accurate Inspecting. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis 29: 740-744.
Fan XW, Li FM*, Song L, Xiong YC, An LZ, Jia Y, Fang XW. 2009. Defense strategy of old and modern spring wheat varieties during soil drying. Physiologia Plantarum 136: 310-323.
Fang XW, Li JH, Xiong YC, Xu DH, Fan XW, Li FM*. 2008. Responses of Caragana korshinskii Kom. to shoot removal: mechanisms underlying regrowth. Ecological Research 23: 863-871.
Xu DH*, Li JH, Fang XW, Wang G, Su P. 2008. Photosynthetic activity of poikilochlorophyllous desiccation tolerant plant Reaumuria soongorica during dehydration and re-hydration. Photosynthetica 46: 547-551.
Fang XW*, Li YB, Xu DH, Yang XM, Wang G*. 2007. Activities of starch hydrolytic enzymes and starch mobilization in roots of Caragana korshinskii following aboveground partial shoot removal. Trees 21: 93-100.
Li JH*, Fang XW,Jia JJ,Wang G. 2007. Effect of legume species introduction to early abandoned field on vegetation development. Plant Ecology 191: 1-9.
Xu DH, Li JH, Fang XW, Wang G*. 2007. Changes pattern of soil water content in the rhizosphere of Artemisia ordosica: evidence for hydraulic lift. Journal of Arid Environments 69: 545-553.
Chen K, Kang HM, Fang XW, Wang G*. 2007. The relationship between the virtual dynamic thinning line and the self-thinning boundary line in simulated plant populations.Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50: 280-290.
Fang XW,Wang XZ, Chen K, Li H, Wang G*. 2006. Responses of Caragana korshinskii to different aboveground partial shoot removal: combining defence and tolerance strategies. Annals of Botany 98: 203-211.
Fang XW, Yuan JL, Wang G, Zhao ZG*. 2006. Fruit production of shrub, Caragana korshinskii, following above-ground partial shoot removal: mechanisms underlying compensation. Plant Ecology 187: 213-225.
Yang XM, Cao ZY, An LZ*, Wang YM, Fang XW. 2006. In vitro tetraploid induction via colchicine treatment from diploid somatic embryos in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Euphytica 152: 217-224.

其它信息

热忱欢迎各位有志于植物(树木)水力进化与适应研究的硕博研究生、博士后、青年研究员加盟本课题组,联系方式:fangxw@lzu.edu.cn

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